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Speech and Language Therapy Techniques for Adults

Speech and Language Therapy Techniques for Adults
  • Dec 22, 2023
  • S&L Therapy

Speech and Language Therapy Techniques for Adults

Understanding Different Speech and Language Disorders

Speech therapy for Adults is the gold standard treatment for individuals facing various speech, language and communication disorders. Common disorders are aphasia, dysarthria, apraxia of speech, cognitive communication disorder and voice disorders. Aphasia is a language disorder that causes difficulties in speaking, understanding, reading and/or writing. Dysarthria and apraxia of speech are both speech disorders involving difficulties with speech clarity and the articulation of speech sounds and words. On the other hand, voice disorders can lead to vocal quality issues such as hoarseness and reduced voice power.

These disorders can present differently across individuals with varying levels of severity. Therefore it is important to note that effective speech therapy for adults requires an individualized approach that takes into consideration the unique needs and challenges of each client. A Speech and Language Therapist will conduct a thorough assessment to identify the specific areas of difficulty and tailor therapy techniques to address those needs.

Motor Speech Disorders

What are Motor Speech Sisorders?

Motor speech disorders involve difficulties in producing speech sounds. They can result from physical conditions, developmental delays, or neurological impairments. Common articulation errors include substitutions, omissions, distortions, and additions of speech sounds. Speech therapy can improve the accuracy and clarity of speech production. Early intervention is crucial for addressing articulation disorders and minimizing their impact on communication and social interaction.

Types of Motor Speech Disorders

Apraxia of Speech

Apraxia is a speech disorder that affects the motor planning and coordination of speech movements. Individuals with apraxia may struggle to produce sounds, syllables, and words accurately. Speech therapy techniques for apraxia often focus on repetitive practice of specific sounds and words, as well as strategies to improve coordination and motor planning.


Dysarthria is a speech disorder caused by weak or paralyzed muscles involved in speech production. This can result in slurred or unclear speech. Speech therapy techniques for dysarthria may include exercises to strengthen the oral muscles, as well as strategies to improve breath control and articulation.

Voice Disorders

What are Voice Disorders?

Voice disorders can significantly impact an individual's ability to communicate effectively. These disorders can manifest in various forms, such as hoarseness, vocal cord paralysis, or spasmodic dysphonia. Common causes of voice disorders include vocal nodules, acid reflux, and neurological conditions.

Symptoms may include a raspy or strained voice, difficulty projecting, and discomfort when speaking. Treatment options for voice disorders may include speech therapy, medication, or surgical intervention, depending on the underlying cause. Early detection and management of voice disorders are essential for improving vocal function and overall quality of life.

Types of Voice Disorders

Neurological voice disorders are linked to an underlying neurologic condition, such as Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, stroke, traumatic brain injury, or ALS.

These disorders can weaken the muscles of the voice box and affect voice control. Common voice disorders include:

  • laryngitis,
  • neurological voice disorders (spasmodic dysphonia),
  • noncancerous lesions like polyps, nodules, or cysts on the vocal cords,
  • precancerous and cancerous lesions.

Voice problems can also arise from abnormal control, coordination, or strength of the voice box muscles due to underlying neurological diseases such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, or ALS.

Effective Speech Therapy Techniques

Right Diagnosis at The Right Time

Assessment and diagnosis for speech therapy involve a thorough evaluation of an individual's communication skills, including speech, language, and overall communication abilities. This process includes a comprehensive review of the individual's medical history, as well as standardized tests and informal assessments to identify any speech or language disorders.

The goal is to accurately determine the nature and extent of the individual's communication challenges, which will then guide the development of a targeted treatment plan to address their specific needs. This precise evaluation is crucial for creating effective intervention strategies to improve the individual's communication skills and overall quality of life.

Articulation Therapy

Articulation therapy focuses on improving the clarity of speech by targeting specific speech sounds that may be difficult for an individual. This may involve practicing the correct production of sounds in isolation, words, phrases, and sentences.

These exercises aim to improve the ability to pronounce sounds and words clearly. They may involve repetitive practice of specific sounds or words to enhance articulation skills.

Articulation disorders involve difficulties in producing speech sounds accurately due to incorrect placement, timing, pressure, speed, or flow of movement. Effective techniques for treating articulation disorders include:

1. Minimal Pair Drill: This technique involves contrasting two similar sounds to help the individual recognize and produce the correct sound.

2. Modelling and Imitation: The therapist models the correct sound, and the individual imitates to improve their articulation.

Voice Therapy

Voice therapy is designed to address disorders related to the vocal cords, vocal quality, resonance, pitch control, and overall voice production. Techniques may include vocal exercises, breath control exercises, and strategies to reduce strain on the vocal cords.

Speech therapy techniques for voice disorders include:

1. Vocal Hygiene Education: Educating individuals on proper vocal care, such as avoiding excessive throat clearing, can improve voice quality.

2. Vocal Exercises: Various vocal exercises can strengthen and enhance the flexibility of the vocal cords, addressing voice disorders effectively.

Language Comprehension and Expression Activities

These activities are commonly used in the treatment of aphasia and are designed to improve understanding and expression of language. They may include exercises to enhance vocabulary, comprehension tasks, and strategies to facilitate communication in daily life.

Cognitive-Communicative Therapy

This approach targets cognitive communication deficits resulting from neurological conditions or injuries. It may involve exercises to improve memory, attention, problem-solving, and language comprehension.

Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC)

For individuals with severe speech disorders, AAC techniques such as using communication devices or picture boards may be employed to support and improve their ability to communicate effectively.

The Role of Assistive Technology

In the modern age, assistive technology plays a vital role in enhancing speech therapy outcomes. From communication boards to speech-generating devices, these tools offer valuable support for individuals with severe speech disorders, empowering them to express themselves effectively.

Our Recommendation

S&L Therapy London

S&L Therapy London is a UK-based Speech and Language Therapy service offering evidence-based and person-centric treatments for speech, language, communication, and swallowing disorders for adults. The specialized treatments are designed after a complete assessment and diagnosis of the patient. The services are available in person and online as well. Speech therapy techniques are always tailored to individual needs to effectively support clients in overcoming their communication challenges and improving their quality of life.


Speech therapy for adults encompasses a range of effective techniques tailored to address various speech and language disorders. By understanding the common FAQs related to speech therapy for adults, individuals can gain insights into the potential benefits and outcomes of engaging in targeted speech therapy interventions.

Who can develop speech and language disorders?

Speech and language disorders can develop in individuals of all ages, including children, adults, and the elderly. These disorders can be caused by a variety of factors such as neurological conditions, developmental delays, brain injury, stroke and other neurological conditions. It is important to seek professional evaluation and treatment if any symptoms of a speech disorder are present to address the underlying causes and improve communication abilities.

Where can I find a Speech Therapist in London?

To find a speech therapist in London, you can search online directories such as the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists, The Association of Speech and Language Therapists in Independent Practice (ASLTIP), and the Health and Care Professions Council. Our recommendation is to visit the S&L Therapy London website and get your assessment booked. We provide excellent Speech, Language, Communication, and Swallowing disorders therapy that is customized to your needs, and available both in-clinic and online.

You can also contact local hospitals, clinics, or rehabilitation centres to inquire about speech therapy services. Additionally, seeking recommendations from your GP/primary care physician or asking for referrals from friends and family members may help you locate a qualified speech therapist in your area.

Is Speech Therapy available online?

Yes, Online speech therapy is available across the globe. Many speech therapists offer remote sessions through video conferencing platforms, allowing clients to receive therapy from the comfort of their own homes. Online speech therapy can be beneficial for individuals who have mobility limitations or live in remote areas where in-person therapy may not be readily accessible.

Additionally, the convenience of online sessions can make it easier for people to schedule and attend their appointments, leading to more consistent therapy and improved outcomes.

What are the common speech and language disorders in adults?

Common speech and language disorders in adults are aphasia, dysarthria, apraxia of speech, cognitive communication disorder and voice disorders.

How does speech therapy help adults with communication disorders?

Speech therapy treatments and techniques for adults focus on improving speech clarity, language comprehension and expression, and overall communication skills. These techniques may include exercises to enhance vocal control, articulation practice, language comprehension tasks, and strategies to improve fluency and confidence in communication.

Is speech therapy effective for adults with long-standing speech disorders?

Speech therapy can benefit adults with long-standing speech disorders, as it offers targeted techniques and strategies to address underlying communication challenges. While the degree of improvement may vary, many adults experience enhanced communication skills and increased confidence in their ability to express themselves effectively.